Hemangiomas and superficial vascular malformations are disfiguring birthmarks that can occur over 65% of a child’s body. This atlas will focus on the classification, multidisciplinary approach, recognition and identification, and treatment options for this class of pathology. Vascular malformations, composed of malformed vessels, never regress and sometimes expand rapidly. They occur in any body part including viscera. They cause cosmetic problems, functional disability and can be life threatening and require radiologic imaging and pathology to recognize and perform differential diagnosis on various vascular anomalies. In addition, new techniques, including molecular biology procedures, have evolved allowing less invasive and a more effective approach to diagnosis and treatment.